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An ankle sprain is an injury to one or more ligaments of the ankle resulting from a twisting or rolling of the ankle. The injury can vary in severity from a mild sprain to a complete tear of the ligaments.
Mild sprain/micro tearing of the ligament(s). There is mild to no swelling, tenderness over the ligament and no ligament laxity.
Moderate sprain/incomplete tearing of the ligament(s). There is moderate bruising and swelling, tenderness over the ligament and some degree of laxity but a firm end point.
Complete tear of the ligament(s) in the ankle. There is profuse swelling and bruising, plus laxity without a discernible end point.
The most common mechanism for an ankle sprain occurs when the ankle rolls outward, with the foot turning inward (inversion and plantar flexion). This results in a stretching/tearing of one or all of the Lateral Collateral ligaments (ATFL, CFL) on the outside (lateral aspect) of the ankle.
This type of sprain occurs less often. It involves the ankle rolling inward and the foot turning outward (eversion). This results in a stretching/tearing of Deltoid ligaments on the inside (midial aspect) of the ankle.
Rest: The patient should rest the ankle and minimize aggravating movements. A stabilizing ankle brace or crutches may be recommended for walking and activity.
Ice: Apply a cold compress, wrapped in a towel or in a Trainers Choice compression wrap, to injured area for 15 minutes per hour a minimum of 3 times/day.
Compression: Apply compression by wrapping the ankle with an elastic wrap or applying a compression ankle sleeve support.
Elevate: The ankle should be placed in an elevated position to help minimize swelling.
Athletic Therapist or Physiotherapist to aid healing and correct any muscle imbalances through stretching and strengthening